The History of Ibiza
We all love the island of Ibiza for a unique holiday atmosphere, endless partying and the joy of the holiday. But in addition to the parties the island is interesting from a historical point of view.
Recent archaeological diggings show that the first negotiations on Ibiza and Formentera date back to over 3000 years ago. A grave was discovered on Formentera which goes back to 1600 years B.C. Cave paintings at Ses Fontanelles and bronze axes and disks located near San Juan and San Agustin supply additional signs of those early settlements. At the year 654 B.C. The Carthaginians found Ibiza and founded Ibiza Town, making this among the first towns in Europe. One more name for Ibiza that’s survived until now comes from the The The Greeks, who came to Ibiza at the time of the Carthaginians: they called the two islands of Ibiza and Formentera, the Pitiusas – which indicates the pine covered island.
The Carthaginian individuals originated in Phoenicia, and became known as the Carthaginians following the foundation of the city of Carthage. The Carthaginians were retailers and dealers, and Ibiza became an essential trading center. Even in those times, Ibiza boasted a large harbour and strong city walls -. Ibiza also played an enormous role in the Carthaginian culture as their biggest burial grounds. This renowned general is likely to have been born on the island of Conejera simply off the coast of San Antonio. Signs of the Ancient Rome profession can nevertheless be seen by the gates at the entry to Dalt Vila, where you’ll find two copies of Ancient Rome sculptures, and in Santa Eulalia, where the old Ancient Rome bridge crosses the now dried up river at the entry to the town.
Between the 5th and ninth hundreds of years A.D. There are big gaps in the chronological history of the Pitiusan Islands. In this time, Ibiza was invaded and captured by such folk as the Vandals, the Barbarians and the Byzantines. Ibiza loved a certain autonomy beneath the Byzantine
Empire. The arabic influence can nevertheless be felt powerfully today in many traditions, like the building of the houses, standard costumes and musical instruments, and of course in the island dialect Ibicenco’. On the hill in Ibiza Town, they constructed a sizable mosque and prepared the city walls. The remains of those walls and a few of the watchtowers can nevertheless be seen nowadays. Ibiza experienced a period of fiscal increase under Arab rule.
If you’re on the island be sure to visit local attractions and museums